If the package has dependencies, you may need to install them as well. Download your chosen.deb package via wget or another method. From the terminal type sudo dpkg -i packagename.deb (replacing packagename with the name of the package). .deb packages won't install? If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed.
Packages are manually installed via the dpkg command (Debian Package Management System). Dpkg is the backend to commands like apt-get and aptitude, which in turn are the backend for GUI install apps like the Software Center and Synaptic. Something along the lines of: dpkg - apt-get, aptitude - Synaptic, Software Center But of course the easiest ways to install a package would be, first, the GUI apps (Synaptic, Software Center, etc.), followed by the terminal commands apt-get and aptitude that add a very nice user friendly approach to the backend dpkg, including but not limited to packaged dependencies, control over what is installed, needs update, not installed, broken packages, etc. Lastly the dpkg command which is the base for all of them. Since dpkg is the base, you can use it to install packaged directly from the command line. Install a package sudo dpkg -i DEBPACKAGE For example if the package file is called askubuntu2.0.deb then you should do sudo dpkg -i askubuntu2.0.deb.
If dpkg reports an error due to dependency problems, you can run sudo apt-get install -f to download the missing dependencies and configure everything. If that reports an error, you'll have to sort out the dependencies yourself by following for example. Remove a package sudo dpkg -r PACKAGENAME For example if the package is called askubuntu then you should do sudo dpkg -r askubuntu. Reconfigure an existing package sudo dpkg-reconfigure PACKAGENAME This is useful when you need to reconfigure something related to said package. Some useful examples it the keyboard-configuration when you want to enable the Ctrl+ Alt+ Backspace in order to reset the X server, so you would the following: sudo dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration Another great one is when you need to set the Timezone for a server or your local testing computer, so you use use the tzdata package: sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata.
Debian (.deb) packages are the packages that are used in Ubuntu. You can install any.deb package in your system.deb files can generally be installed from your file manager (Nautilus) merely by clicking on them, since file associations with the default installer is already set in Ubuntu. These instructions are for those who wish to install packages from the command-line terminal (Terminal). To install a downloaded Debian package (.deb): Open Terminal and type sudo dpkg -i packagename.deb To remove a Debian (Ubuntu) package (.deb): sudo dpkg -r packagename To Reconfigure/Repair an installed Debian (Ubuntu) package (.deb): sudo dpkg-reconfigure packagename. Create your own script installer debInstaller as the following: #!/bin/bash dpkg -i '[email protected]' apt-get -yes -fix-broken install Make the script executable with chmod +x debInstaller Then move it to some dirs in your PATH or add the current directory to your PATH. I'm going to move it to /usr/bin sudo cp debInstaller /usr/bin Now you can install any.deb package using the command: sudo debInstaller some-package.deb The added value of this method is the solving the dependencies problem, since mostly you'll face some problems when you install a.deb with dpkg -i due to dependencies error, so you have to use apt-get install -f to solve it, this script will do the job for you, but here I used apt-get -yes -fix-broken install to automatically solve these errors without user intervention.
The gdebi command-line solution Here's the best way to install a.deb file on Ubuntu on the command-line: sudo gdebi skype.deb If you don't have gdebi installed already, install it using sudo apt install gdebi-core. Gdebi will look for all the dependencies of the.deb file, and will install them before attempting to install the.deb file. I find this much preferable than sudo dpkg -i skype.deb && sudo apt install -f. The latter is much too eager to remove dependencies in certain situations.
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For instance, when I tried to install Skype, it attempted to remove 96 (!) packages, including packages like compiz and unity! Gdebi gave a much clearer error message: $ sudo gdebi skype.deb Cannot install 'libqtgui:i386' (Here is, by the way.). (.deb) packages are manually installed using dpkg command or we can say 'Debian Package Management System'.
Dpkg is one of the backend commands like apt-get and aptitude. For an example: dpkg - apt-get, aptitude - Synaptic, Software Center But of course the easiest ways to install a package would be, first,since dpkg is the base, you can use it to install packaged directly from the command line. For Install a package: sudo dpkg -i 'DEBPACKAGE' For example if the package file is called askubuntu2.0.deb then you should do sudo dpkg -i askubuntu2.0.deb. If dpkg reports an error due to dependency problems, you can run sudo apt-get install -f to download the missing dependencies and configure everything.
If that reports an error, you'll have to sort out the dependencies yourself by following for example How do I resolve unmet dependencies after adding a PPA? For Remove a package: sudo dpkg -r PACKAGENAME For example if the package is called askubuntu then you should do sudo dpkg -r askubuntu Reconfigure an existing package: sudo dpkg-reconfigure PACKAGENAME It will be useful if you need to reconfigure something related to said package. Some useful examples it the keyboard-configuration when you want to enable the Ctrl+Alt+Backspace in order to reset the X server.